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URL query parameter API

JBrowse Web features the ability to automatically provide URL parameters to setup a session

Note that the embedded components like @jbrowse/react-linear-genome-view make no assumptions on how URL params are used, so would have to be implemented by the consumer of the library

Linear genome view (simple)

We provide a simplified URL format specifically designed for launching a single linear genome view

Example

http://host/jbrowse2/?config=test_data/config.json&loc=chr1:6000-7000&assembly=hg19&tracks=gene_track,vcf_track

Here are the query params used here

?config=

Example

?config=test_data/volvox/config.json

A path to a JBrowse 2 config file, relative to the current folder on the disk. Note that this just uses client side fetch to read the file, not server side file reads. If ?config= is not specified, it looks for a file named config.json e.g. http://host/jbrowse2/config.json which is what the @jbrowse/cli tool sets up by default

&assembly=

Example

&assembly=hg19

The &assembly parameter refers to an assembly's "name" field one of the "assemblies" array in the from the config.json. This is only used for launching a single linear genome view.

&loc=

Example

&loc=chr1:6000-7000

This performs a navigation to this region on load, which can be specified using the syntax. This is only used for launching a single linear genome view.

Example strings

&loc=chr1:6000-7000 // using - notation for range
&loc=chr1:6000..7000 // using .. notation for range
&loc=chr1:7000 // centered on this position
&loc=GENEID // if you have used `jbrowse text-index`

Note 1: Navigating via &loc=GENEID using the text-index was added in v2.9.0

Note 2: If you have a specialized use case for navigating, e.g. you need to combine URL navigation with defaultSession, then you might consider making a small plugin to do so. Here is a code listing example: https://gist.github.com/cmdcolin/eedfcb11f8f153ba1fb07e56dfddd3b3

&tracklist=

Example

&tracklist=true

This opens the track selector by default. Default false

Example

&nav=

Turns of the navigation bar of the linear genome view

&tracks=

Example

&tracks=gene_track,vcf_track

This is a comma separated list of trackIds. You can see your trackId's in the config.json. Note, you can also refer to a trackId added by &sessionTracks= here. This is only used for launching a single linear genome view.

&sessionTracks=

If you want to dynamically add a track to the session, you can do so with &sessionTracks=

You can also use this method to add a FromConfigAdapter track, which let's you specify features in JSON format, so you can e.g. add BLAST hits via the URL bar

Example

https://jbrowse.org/code/jb2/main/?config=test_data/volvox/config.json&loc=ctgA:1-800&assembly=volvox&tracks=gff3tabix_genes,volvox_filtered_vcf,volvox_microarray,volvox_cram,url_track&sessionTracks=[{"type":"FeatureTrack","trackId":"url_track","name":"URL track","assemblyNames":["volvox"],"adapter":{"type":"FromConfigAdapter","features":[{"uniqueId":"one","refName":"ctgA","start":100,"end":200,"name":"Boris"}]}}]

Live link

This creates a track dynamically that has a single feature at chr1:100-200

The data to supply to &sessionTracks= is an array of track configs, and in the above URL, looks like this when pretty-printed

[
{
"type": "FeatureTrack",
"trackId": "url_track",
"name": "URL track",
"assemblyNames": ["volvox"],
"adapter": {
"type": "FromConfigAdapter",
"features": [
{
"uniqueId": "one",
"refName": "ctgA",
"start": 190,
"end": 191,
"name": "Boris"
}
]
}
}
]

Session spec

Linear genome view

We can specify a "session spec" (short for specification) using JSON

https://jbrowse.org/code/jb2/main/?config=test_data/volvox/config.json&session=spec-{"views":[{"assembly":"volvox","loc":"ctgA:1-5100","type": "LinearGenomeView","tracks":["gff3tabix_genes","volvox_filtered_vcf","volvox_microarray","volvox_cram"]}]}

Live link

Expanded JSON of the contents of the URL

{
"views": [
{
"assembly": "volvox",
"loc": "ctgA:1-5100",
"type": "LinearGenomeView",
"tracks": [
"gff3tabix_genes",
"volvox_filtered_vcf",
"volvox_microarray",
"volvox_cram"
]
}
]
}

As you can see, you can supply an array of views (so you can open multiple views at once) and can specify the loc, tracks, assembly, and view type, or other view specific parameters (different view types may accept different params, e.g. dotplot has two assemblies)

Circular view

Here is an example of a JSON session spec for a Circular View

https://jbrowse.org/code/jb2/main/?config=test_data/volvox/config.json&session=spec-{"views":[{"assembly":"volvox","loc":"ctgA:1-5100","type": "CircularView","tracks":["volvox_sv_test"]}]}

Live link

Expanded

{
"views": [
{
"assembly": "volvox",
"loc": "ctgA:1-5100",
"type": "CircularView",
"tracks": ["volvox_sv_test"]
}
]
}

Dotplot view

Here is an example of a JSON session spec for a Dotplot View

https://jbrowse.org/code/jb2/main/?config=test_data/volvox/config_main_thread.json&session=spec-%7B"views":%5B%7B"type":"DotplotView","views":%5B%7B"assembly":"volvox"%7D,%7B"assembly":"volvox"%7D%5D,"tracks":%5B"volvox_fake_synteny"%5D%7D%5D%7D

Live link

Expanded

{
"views": [
{
"type": "DotplotView",
"views": [{ "assembly": "volvox" }, { "assembly": "volvox" }],
"tracks": ["volvox_fake_synteny"]
}
]
}

Note that this dotplot session spec doesn't have the ability to navigate to specific regions on the assembly yet, it just navigates to a whole genome overview

Spreadsheet view

Here is an example of a JSON session spec for a Spreadsheet View

https://jbrowse.org/code/jb2/main/?config=test_data/volvox/config.json&session=spec-%7B%22views%22:%5B%7B%22type%22:%22SpreadsheetView%22,%20%22uri%22:%22test_data/volvox/volvox.filtered.vcf.gz%22,%22assembly%22:%22volvox%22%7D%5D%7D

Live link

Expanded

{
"views": [
{
"type": "SpreadsheetView",
"uri": "test_data/volvox/volvox.filtered.vcf.gz",
"assembly": "volvox"
}
]
}

SV inspector

Here is an example of a JSON session spec for a SV Inspector View

https://jbrowse.org/code/jb2/main/?config=test_data/volvox/config.json&session=spec-%7B"views":%5B%7B"type":"SvInspectorView","uri":"test_data/volvox/volvox.dup.vcf.gz","assembly":"volvox"%7D%5D%7D

Live link

Expanded

{
views: [
{
type: "SvInspectorView",
uri: "test_data/volvox/volvox.dup.vcf.gz",
assembly: "volvox",
},
],
};

Linear synteny view

Here is an example of a JSON session spec for a Linear Synteny View

https://jbrowse.org/code/jb2/main/?config=test_data%2Fvolvox%2Fconfig.json&session=spec-{"views":[{"type":"LinearSyntenyView","tracks":["volvox_fake_synteny"],"views":[{"loc":"ctgA:1-30000","assembly":"volvox"},{"loc":"ctgA:1000-31000","assembly":"volvox"}]}]}

Live link

Expanded

{
"views": [
{
"type": "LinearSyntenyView",
"tracks": ["volvox_fake_synteny"],
"views": [
{ "loc": "ctgA:1-30000", "assembly": "volvox" },
{ "loc": "ctgA:1000-31000", "assembly": "volvox" }
]
}
]
}

Other session options

Another useful session URL is called a "session spec" or "session specification". This provides a way to launch multiple views at once, including view types other than the linear genome view

&session=json-

Similar to encoded sessions, but more readable, &session=json- type sessions let you specify the input a JSON snapshot of a session session. This is slightly different from a session spec, which has extra logic that loads the session. JSON sessions are literal session snapshots, like those that might come from the "Export session..." process

Example

&session=json-{"session":{"id":"xSHu7qGJN","name":"test","sessionPlugins":[{"url":"https://unpkg.com/jbrowse-plugin-msaview/dist/jbrowse-plugin-msaview.umd.production.min.js"}]}}

This loads a session with an extra plugin loaded

&session=encoded-

This is similar to JSON sessions but uses a URL encoding (base64+gzip)

Example

https://jbrowse.org/code/jb2/v1.5.9/?session=encoded-eJyNU2FzmkAQ_SvOfaaNIKDyLbFN0xlrTWRqnU4mc8ACm8BB7k6NdfjvXcCiZpq23-Dt2923u-_2DCPmsevHMn0ePT2umMEEz4GgGWx7C1AKC9EzzQv7wupbpkGfntX3HKt3-YW4OZcJCub1DRZJvgW5xEinzBuMbINtELaKeT_2bY98E0ym_PvdR8rTu7LuMUUBXH4CUeTwjdgUKeJYgZ6_MM-yLWtsGiwo5yBrwBkO3w9dx3b7I3fsuI5FTVGVGd9BdAcJCW27SYhn7QxDKqg0l7pRCIJkmM7YHIxcd2AQbwNSAYExzxQYjCsFeZDtDtlpYo5ZdU9qJQ-fTiZxxrPVYGrf-sdJroHrtQS_ZhIaFiLGZC25JlUUFmGAD0kcPzQ1O90nNQe72dU0eC716vV6rrjC8EObQLEUMElpINu0_tHn3R_yq_t6oBQjuAEegexmP0JfaSv16bpQM_4CMgh1If1WWooguQxTDHnGDpQpDyCjkVhBFTJeliiS-gBpsZ2A0CBrPV3VBt7pIuAiUgvQumZ7Wq6hVrjFKAFNxfZnrfxTKXWw2d3bjG6VN29Rlk2j5mQZaW7ssK8MFmNGin14oVUz1pr5zMQVkXiocQPL_9L6l1jVHFLQD13xsyDHihBqb9AiVPsE_d8WPEKTLuUcv2xdjK8qzLM1PdUDlqPAHH-eeL99vvNC4cFKsrFZ9QuCGmjL

Note that the "Share" button has a gear icon that let's you select "Long URL" that produces these URLs. The encoded share links can be used without the central session sharing system in place, as the entire session is encoded in the URL.

&session=local-

The local sessions look like this

https://host/jbrowse2/?session=local-Fjphq8kjY

By default, after a session is loaded, it is stored into localStorage, and then the URL bar uses the ?session=local- format to reflect the key of the localStorage entry.

&session=share-

If you click the "Share button" in the header bar, it will generate a "shareable link" that you can give to other users

https://host/jbrowse2/?session=share-HShsEcnq3i&password=nYzTU

See this FAQ entry for more info about how shared sessions work